Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has launched the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C37 rocket with a great achievement of successfully launching 104 satellites from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh in a single mission on February 15, 2017. The ISRO creates a new world record by launching 104 satellites and also introduced the cheapest mission to Mars which is called as Mangalyaan. The PSLV-C37 launched the 714kg CartoSat-2D satellite for earth observation with 103 satellites of weighing around 664kg. The names of all the 104 satellites were aboard ISRO’s PSLV-C37 rocket.
Photo ofISRO PSLV-C37 launch
CartoSat-2D – ISRO, India (1)
It is the fifth series of CartoSat-2 remote-sensing satellites and which is used to capture and send the panchromatic and multispectral pictures of India from space. These pictures are used to observe the coastal land use, urban and rural planning, road networks and water distribution. It also identifies natural and man-made sources. It is the heaviest satellite and carried weighs 1,377 kg.
INS-1A – ISRO, India (1)
It is an 8.4-kilogram research satellite which will working for six months and carries two payloads including Surface BRDF Radiometer (SBR) and Single Event Upset Monitor (SEUM). The Surface BRDF Radiometer (SBR) is used to measure the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) of targets on the surface of Earth and capable to take readings of the sunlight reflected from different sources. The Single Event Upset Monitor (SEUM) is used to track Single Event Upsets because of high energy radiation in space environment.
Flock-3p – Plant Labs, United States of America (88)
The Planet Labs’ 88 Flock-3p nano-satellites will carry 100 Dove satellites in space and capable to capture pictures of the whole Earth surface per day and also take photos in line-scanner formation at mid-morning pass times to reduce shadows in the photos.
Lemur-2 – Spire Global, United States of America (8)
The eight Lemur-2 nano-satellites which is operated by Spire Global of the USA carries a meteorological payload is used to determine the atmospheric pressure, humidity, and temperature that using signals from GPS satellites in the atmosphere of the Earth. These satellites is also used to carry goods which permits them to observe and send data from marine vessels
Al-Farabi-1 – Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan (1)
The students of the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University in Kazakhstan made Al-Farabi-1 nano satellite. The weight of the satellite is 1.7kg and used for calculating uplink/downlink and ADCS Mission algorithms and analysis of self-made components.
BGUSat – Ben Gurion University, Israel (1)
Israel has developed the BGUSat in Ben Gurion University is used to carry two imaging payloads including an experimental GPS receiver and an optical communication experiment. The weight of the satellite is 5kg and its dimensions are 10x10x30 centimetres. The cameras in the satellites are used to track climate occurrences and its guidance system allows the operators to select the areas for shoot and examination by a dedicated station at BGU.
Nayif-1 – Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST), UAE (1)
The students of the UAE from the Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology (EIAST) developed the Nayif-1 nano-satellite and can be used for educational purposes.
DIDO-2 – SpacePharma, Israel and Switzerland (1)
It is a nano-satellite which is used to conduct biochemical and physical tests in micro-gravity. The satellite will help to the pharmaceutical companies and capable to send back data to Earth- based researchers through the on-board microscope.
PEASS – PEASS Consortium, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and Israel (1)
PiezoElectric Assisted Smart Satellite Structure or PEASS is a nano-satellite which is used to estimate and qualify ‘smart structures’ and combine composite panels, piezoelectric materials, and next-generation sensors.
ISRO has launched the PSLV-C37 rocket carries satellites from several countries which is as part of Antrix Corporation Limited’s agreements with the operators of these satellites. Antrix is a commercial division of ISRO which provides entities the selection to get their satellites in space on-board the ISRO rockets.